Spatial steering of deep brain stimulation volumes using a novel lead design
Hubert C.F. Martens
Jerrold L. Vitek
- Neurostimulation Electrode
- Primate Electrode
To investigate steering the volume of activated tissue (VTA) with deep brain stimulation (DBS) using a novel high spatial-resolution lead design. Methods: We examined the effect of asymmetric current-injection across the DBS-array on the VTA. These predictions were then evaluated acutely in a non-human primate implanted with the DBS-array, using motor side-effect thresholds as the metric for estimating VTA asymmetries. Results: Simulations show the DBS-array, with electrodes arranged together in a cylindrical configuration, can generate field distributions equivalent to commercial DBS leads, and these field distributions can be modulated using field-steering methods. Stimulation with implanted DBS-arrays showed directionally- selective muscle activation, presumably through spread of stimulation fields into portions of the corticospinal tract lying in the internal capsule. Conclusions: Our computational and experimental studies demonstrate that the DBS-array is capable of spatially selective stimulation. Displacing VTAs away from the lead’s axis can be achieved using a single simple and intuitive control parameter. Significance: Optimal DBS likely requires non-uniform VTAs that may differentially affect a nucleus or fiber pathway. The DBS-array allows positioning VTAs with sub-millimeter precision, which is especially relevant for those patients with DBS leads placed in sub-optimal locations. This may present clinicians with an additional degree of freedom to optimize the DBS therapy.
Martens, H C F et al. “Spatial steering of deep brain stimulation volumes using a novel lead design.” Clinical Neurophysiology 122.3 (2011) : 558-566.
Philips, NeuroNexus, Cleveland Clinic